Chemiphase offer EN14214 & EN14213 Biodiesel Laboratory Testing

Chemiphase offer all biodiesel producers the opportunity to have their biodiesel’s tested to EN14214 & EN14213 standards.

We are pleased to offer a laboratory analysis of biodiesel carried out against the EN 14214 European Standard.  We offer a collection service of the sample, testing will be completed within 7 working days and results returned within 10 days of collection.

Test Specification + Test Methods:

Picture of Chemiphase Lab offering EN14214 and EN14213 Lab Testing

EN14213 & EN14214 Road and CHP Biodiesel Testing

  • Ester Content – EN 14103
  • Polyunsaturated Methyl Esters – EN 14103
  • Linolenic Acid Methyl Esters – EN 14103
  • Density @ 15 deg C – EN ISO 3675 / EN ISO 12185
  • Viscosity @ 40 deg C – EN ISO 3104
  • Sulphur Content – EN ISO 20846
  • Carbon Residue – EN ISO 10370
  • Cetane Number  – EN ISO 5165
  • Total Contamination – EN 12662
  • Oxidation Stability @ 110 deg C – EN 14112
  • Sulphated Ash Content – ISO 3987
  • Water Content – EN ISO 12937
  • Copper Band Corrosion (3 Hours at 50 deg C) – EN ISO 2160
  • Acid Value – EN 14104
  • Iodine Value – EN 14111
  • Methanol Content – EN 14110
  • Flash Point – ISO 3679
  • Free Glycerol – EN 14105
  • Total Glycerol – EN 14105
  • Monoglyceride Content – EN 14105
  • Diglyceride Content – EN 14105
  • Triglyceride Content – EN 14105
  • Group 1 (alkali) metals (Na & K) – EN 14108 (Na), EN 14109 (K)
  • Group 11 (alkali) metals (Ca & Mg) – EN 14538
  • Phosphorous Content – EN 14107
  • Cold Filter Plugging Point – EN 116

What we require for the test

A 3-5 Litre (3000-5000 mls) sample in a secure container (suitable for transport via road) and in a box with packaging (suitable for transport via road). The results will be returned to you in approximately 7-10 working days. You will receive a full copy of the results via email for immediate use and a hard copy for your records.

HMRC Ref:179E March 2008    Biofuels and other fuel substitutes.

Important: The following paragraph has the force of law.

Under the powers given by Regulation 6 of the Revenue Traders (Accounts and Records) Regulations 1992 HMRC requires that details so recipes used to produce biodiesel are kept and preserved for six years. This requirement also applies to supporting documents showing that the recipe is followed for each batch produced and to the preservation of any best results linked to particular batches.

If your production method includes the use of additives with SVO and UCO you should be aware that there are restrictions on the use of “tied” oils, which are relevant of duty except when used as motor fuels. You can find more information on tied oils in Notice 184A “Mineral (hydrocarbon) oil put to certain use: excise duty relief”. Marked or rebated fuels (such as red diesel and kerosene) must not be used as road fuel or as additives in road fuels. More information can be found in Notice 192 “Registered dealers in controlled oils”.

If you need further advice you should contact our advice service.

3.4.1. How do I prove that my fuel is biodiesel?

HMRC expect that anyone producing biofuels commercially will have their fuel analysed and tested on a regular basis as a part of normal quality control. These tests should give details of sulphur/ester content and ideally show a breakdown of the composition of the fuel. The recipe or formulation for biodiesel production will often be enough to determine whether the finished product can meet the full biodiesel specification – for example anything that would reduce the ester content below 96.5% through having a low or nil ester content itself e.g. alcohol, terpine, water. However, the recipe alone does not provide proof that a product meets (or fails to meet) the specification. Tests should be carried out on the “finished fuel “and not on the raw materials used in production. Producers should ensure that the fuel that is tested does not undergo any further process and that it is identical to the fuel put out for sale.

Greasan – Probably the best hard surface cleaner we make!

Greasan – “All in 1 Cleaner, Sanitiser & Degreaser Detergent For Kitchens”
Picture of Greasan - Bactericidal Hard Surface Cleaner

You name it in the kitchen, & Greasan will clean it!

Greasan is a concentrated cleaner and sanitiser developed for the food processing and catering  industries where hygiene is of paramount importance.  It has excellent cleaning and sanitising properties for all hard surfaces.  Greasan cleans machinery, hoods, ventilators, trolleys, bins, work tops and floors.  It deals effectively with spillages of oil, fats, grease, creams, sugars and preserves and will remove mildew, grime and other stains and deposits.

Benefits
  • Non Toxic
  • Non Flammable
  • Anti Static
  • Water Soluble
  • Film Free
  • Non Corrosive
  • Emulsifying
  • Anti Bacterial
  • Economic and safe to use
  • Designed to be used in food preparation area’s
  • Effective in removing grease and oil stains
  • Effective against bacteria

Greasan leaves area clean and protected against bacteria.  It can be diluted up to 50:1 depending on soiling and can be sprayed, brushed or wiped onto surfaces.  It can be used in scrubbing machines.  Greasan works best in kitchens as a general day to day cleaner which has been diluted down to 10:1.

FAQ Biodiesel

Picture of EN14214 Biodiesel

Biodiesel – The future of fuel

Be part of the solution…
During recent years market demand for sustainable, renewable, biodegradable (SRB) fuels and oils has emerged driven by global environmental concerns. Governments are responding to well organised and media articulate lobbyists creating awareness and a call to arms of these vital issues which have major social and economic impacts.

Many organisations understand the need to be part of the solution……to do nothing is to remain part of the problem. These organisations are finding that good environmental practice is also good for business and often requires small but significant changes. Organisations that have an environmental best practice approach win business because of it.

biocorpTM produce a range of refined EN 14214 biodiesel fuels and high performance SRB lubrication products utilising fully synthetic ester base stocks blended with state of the art additives targeted at the needs of Industry with a particular specialisation towards the construction sector.

Biodiesel and SRB oils reduce significantly the potential for environmental pollution and damage in the event of spills contaminating our ground water in line with the best practices of the European Standards.

These products offer high quality and deliver industry leading performance while delivering substantial reduction on carbon footprint.

A Natural Alternative
Fortunately both the natural and industrialised world will provide a supply of waste materials and feedstocks that can produce biofuels that represent directly comparable alternatives to fossil fuels.

The real opportunity lies in the positive impact that a biofuel can deliver in terms of CO2 emission reductions when compared with a fossil fuel.

Recognition of the need to develop a global Biofuel Industry has seen the construction of Industrial scale processing/refining/blending and storage facilities worldwide as governments have supported inward investments with duty and taxation breaks for producers and users alike.

Goldfinger – The No1 beaded hand gel to remove the toughest of stains

Picture of 5 Litre tub of Goldfinger - Beaded hand gel

Any grease or grime – Goldfinger will remove

Goldfinger is a heavy duty beaded  hand gel based on natural oils extracted from Citrus fruit.  Goldfinger is used for the rapid removal of excessive greases, oils, paints and inks and also to eliminate offensive odours such as fish and onion.

Application

Goldfinger should be regarded as a heavy duty hand cleaner which is used in works environments where the  degree of hand soiling is appreciable.  Goldfinger is recommended for use in engineering, automobile garages,  public service industries, ink and paint manufacturing, offshore oil installations etc.

Features

  • Goldfinger has been formulated with a wide range of citrus oils and dispersants.
  • It has blended with  micron sized polymer beads which do not cause any abrasion problems.
  • The product is solvent free.

Benefits

  • Goldfinger lifts off dirt and grime from the hands leaving them smooth and with a pleasant fragrance.
  • The product is  a strong yet gentle product to use.
  • Goldfinger does not cause any abrasion problems.

How To Use

Goldfinger can be used from a tub or from a dispenser.  Apply to the hands, work well in the skin around and under the nails. Finally rinse off with water and dry the hands.

UCOME Biodiesel with Coldflow 350 added – Results

UCOME Biodiesel with Coldflow 350 added - Results

Left sample – Untreated
Middle Sample – 50/50 with Derv
Right Sample – 3 Litres of Coldflow 350 per 1000 Litres of Biodiesel

Use & Storage of Biodiesel

Picture of Biodiesel Storage & Use

Use & Storage of Biodiesel

Practical Issues concerning the use and storage of Biodiesel

There are housekeeping issues to be aware of when converting over to operate on biodiesel, failure to appreciate the differences and implement a policy of ‘best practice’ may leave your organisation exposed to unnecessary and avoidable problems.

Biodiesel quality BSEN14214 was developed over a number of years by the European Committee for Standardisation and adopted in 2004 by all the EU member states as a unified standard for Fatty Acid Methyl Ester, known as FAME. This was a major step forward in that engine manufactures and producers alike have a base line quality to engineer their products to.

The verification by independent test laboratories as to the achievement of BSEN14214 by fuel producers is an essential guarantee of quality.

Bicorp biodiesel is independently profiled against BSEN14214 on a batch by batch basis.

The blending of FAME into fossil diesel to comply with the diesel standard EN590, requires the biodiesel element, currently 5% by volume (B5) to be manufactured in accordance with BSEN14214.

All fossil fuel producers are obligated to achieve the minimum bio content of 5% by volume of their sales. This fuel is currently retailed from every forecourt in the country and referred to as biodiesel. It is not, it is B5. Biodiesel is 100% bio with no blended fossil content.

Of course many producers and users operate very successfully diesel blends higher than B5.  In fact, B30, B50 and pure B100 biodiesel are commonplace in this market. B30 is very much the norm in most of northern Europe…

We at Biocorp advocate B100 biodiesel, our biomex brand is not a diluted fossil oil blend.

To use successfully a B100 biodiesel in the UK it is necessary for the biodiesel to have been produced with additives that enhance the performance of the fuel in critical areas. It is these additives that enable the user to operate biodiesel in exactly the same way as fossil diesel…

biomex has a patented 5 function organic additive concentrate that is hot blended into the biodiesel during production.  This unique additive pack improves the performance of our already high quality biodiesel in the following areas.

  1. Dramatically improves viscosity lowering the gelling /pour point to -15 degrees C
  2. Antioxidant treatment to stabilise the fuel
  3. Biocides to prevent bacterial growth and extend storage life to 12 months
  4. Cetane enhancement to increase efficiency of combustion and NOX reduction
  5. System maintenance to ensure the cleanliness and performance of injectors.

Manufacturers Warranties

The anomaly of engine manufacturer’s warranties in regard to their stated positions regarding biofuels is extremely varied and often based on commercial expediency rather than engineering acceptance.

A vehicle in the UK will be warranted to use EN590 B5 blends, the same make and model in parts of Europe will be warranted to B30.  The rational is that in the UK the Government imposed bio obligation on the fossil oil companies is at 5% (B5) blends, which will increase over time in line with pan-european agreements and undoubtedly vehicle warranties will increase at the same rate of ‘obligated’ blended biodiesel.

The acceptance of biodiesel in other countries has been far quicker and hence the B30 blends are supported under warranty where the consumers have supported higher blends of the fuel.

Mercedes, MAN, Volvo and DAF to name a few support warranties in higher blends and even B100 in certain of their model ranges where the fuel systems utilise modern materials resistant to the solvent characteristic of biodiesel and its higher blends.

The majority of systems around today utilise materials such as Viton, nylon 66, synthetic rubber and Teflon, seal failures are a thing of the past, but check with the manufacturer if in any doubt.

Currently the UK biodiesel market is consuming in excess of one billion litres annually making a significant contribution to the Governments CO2 reduction targets.

Storage

It is essential that all tanks are thoroughly agitated and cleaned to dislodge any loose contaminants from the previous fossil fuel. This material should be drained off and disposed of in a safe, controlled  manner.

Biodiesel, particularly in higher blends has a powerful solvent action and will dissolve residues, gums and lacquers built up over time  on the inside surfaces  of tanks from diesel fuel.

It is this dissolved matter that will be carried through the fuel lines and may cause restrictions and blocking of the fuel filter. It is recommended that the fuel filter is changed at this time and also monitored closely and changed again within the first 500-1000 miles to prevent roadside problems.

Blended diesel and in particular the higher blends and B100 are hygroscopic. (water molecules can be adsorbed from moisture laden air)

Fuel heavily contaminated with water may lead to corrosion of fuel injection components and the increased likelihood of bacterial activity in the fuel causing clogging of lines or filters.

biomex is treated with biocides to prevent the free growth of bacteria.

The solution is ‘best practice’ housekeeping of a properly specified fuel.

Bacterial and fungal growth in fuel tanks is not new or unique to biodiesel; contamination in fossil fuel storage systems is endemic supporting a whole service industry of Fuel Engineers, Filter Manufacturers and Fuel Polishers managing this issue. The solution is ‘best practise’ housekeeping.

Size fuel tanks appropriately, ensuring regular throughput of biodiesel. All fuels store better in full tanks.  Maintain the fuel in sealed or airtight tanks were possible, ensuring that tank vents and breathers are desiccant filtered.

Storage, Packaging and Use Instructions

  • Where possible store in original containers, keep containers sealed until point of use. Once opened care must be taken to ensure proper sealing of caps/lids.
  • Always store in properly dated and labelled containers.
  • Keep containers upright, store in a bunded area, and do not depend on the materials biodegradability as mitigation of pollution due to drips, leaks and spills.
  • Store away from direct sunlight in a safe, dry, cool, ventilated area.
  • Store away from naked flame and avoid incompatible materials that may cause deteriation of product packaging.
  • Observe local regulations and notify local fire officer of the content under store.

Personnel

  • Always wear PPE (personal protection equipment) Use only with adequate ventilation and avoid breathing fumes and vapours.
  • Use breathing aids if ventilation is inadequate.
  • Avoid ingestion… seek immediate medical assistance if ingestion occurs.
  • If skin contact is made, wash immediately with warm water to avoid possibility of irritation. If irritation occurs seek medical advice.
  • Avoid contact with eyes, skin and work wear, wash thoroughly hands, face and around the mouth before eating or drinking after coming into contact with products.

Biodiesel Information

Picture of Biodiesel

Biodiesel – The Fuel For The Future

What is biodiesel?

Biodiesel fuel is direct replacement non-fossil clean alternative fuel manufactured from a large variety of renewable resources such as plant vegetable oils, used cooking oils, animal fats, fish oil and wood fibres and most recently algae.
Is biodiesel an experimental fuel? No, biodiesel is one of the most thoroughly tested and developed fuels in the market today. In the UK alone over one billion litres are consumed annually and the UK represents a tiny fraction of the global biodiesel consumption.
How is it made? There are several different industrial processes, the most popular is a refining process called Transesterification where the oils are heated and reacted with an alcohol causing glycerine to separate out of the oil. The glycerine offers no value to the fuel and is regarded as a by-product, valuable to the cosmetics and animal feedstock industries.
The fuel is then washed and the water extracted, either mechanically or by filtration through resins to ensure the water content is low enough to meet the current EN Standards.
Biodiesel produced using this method is called FAME (fatty acid methyl ester) biomex is a FAME biodiesel.
Is there a recognised fuel standard? Yes, in Europe the biodiesel FAME standard is BSEN14214. This standard is a buyer guarantee that the fuel will have been tested against the many performance criteria that make up the specification of an EN14214 biodiesel.
Producers meeting this standard will usually publish copies of their fuel test reports to confirm their compliance.
BSEN14214 was developed over a number of years by the European Committee for Standardisation and adopted in 2004 by all the EU member states as a unified standard for Fatty Acid Methyl Ester, known as FAME. This was a major step forward in that engine manufactures and producers alike have a base line quality to engineer their products to.
The verification by independent test laboratories as to the achievement of BSEN14214 by fuel producers is an essential guarantee of quality.
biomex is compliant with BSEN14214, our test results are published online.

Does biodiesel have to be blended with petroleum diesel? No. biodiesel, (B100) can be used as a direct replacement for petroleum diesel. Equally it can be mixed/blended with petroleum diesel in varying percentages ie. B90, B70, B50, B30, B20, B10, B5……eg.B20 is 20% biodiesel and 80% petroleum diesel.
In line with International commitments to reach carbon reduction targets by 2020 all diesel purchased via a retail forecourt is under a legal obligation to be blended with biodiesel, currently B5 and rising annually through to 2020.
Of course many producers and users operate very successfully diesel blends higher than B5.  In fact, B30, B50 and pure B100 biodiesel are commonplace in this market. B30 is very much the norm in most of northern Europe…
We at biocorp advocate biomex B100 biodiesel.

Can biodiesel be used in the winter? Biodiesel is often blended with petroleum diesel to winterise its low temperature performance as unless it is produced with cold flow additives it has a higher gelling point than petroleum diesel. Biodiesel treated with cold flow additives can however perform equally as well in winter months as petroleum diesel.
To use successfully a B100 biodiesel in the UK it is necessary for the biodiesel to have been produced with additives that enhance the performance of the fuel in critical areas. It is these additives that enable the user to operate biodiesel in exactly the same way as fossil diesel…
biomex has a 5 function organic additive concentrate that is hot blended into the biodiesel during production.  This unique additive pack improves the performance of our already high quality biodiesel in the following areas.

  1. Cold flow improves viscosity lowering the gelling /pour point to -15 degrees C.
  2. Antioxidant treatment to stabilise the fuel.
  3. Biocides to prevent bacterial growth and extend storage life to 12 months.
  4. Cetane enhancement to increase efficiency of combustion and NOX reduction.
  5. System maintenance to ensure the cleanliness and performance of injectors.

biomex can be used all year round.

Is biodiesel easy to store? Like all fuel storage, good housekeeping practices are important.
Biodiesel should be stored in sealed, clean, dark, dry conditions. Tanks should be steel, aluminium, polyethylene, polypropylene or Teflon. Copper, lead, tin, brass or zinc should be avoided.
Biodiesel, particularly in higher blends has a powerful solvent action and will dissolve residues, gums and lacquers built up over time on the inside surfaces of tanks from diesel fuel.
It is this dissolved matter that will be carried through the fuel lines and may cause restrictions and blocking of the fuel filter.
Bacterial and fungal growth in fuel tanks is not new or unique to biodiesel; contamination in fossil fuel storage systems is endemic supporting a whole service industry of Fuel Engineers, Filter Manufacturers and Fuel Polishers managing this issue.
Biodiesel, in particular the higher blends and B100 are hygroscopic. (water molecules can be adsorbed from moisture laden air) Fuel heavily contaminated with water may lead to corrosion of fuel injection components and the increased likelihood of bacterial activity in the fuel causing clogging of lines or filters.
The solution is ‘best practice’ housekeeping of a properly specified fuel.
If tanks are old or suspect, it is wise to have them professionally cleaned before switching over to biodiesel.
The majority of biodiesel producers will have treated their fuel with anti-oxidants and biocides to prevent bacterial growth caused by water contamination in the storage tanks.
biomex is treated with biocides and may be stored for 12 months under proper conditions.

Will using biodiesel invalidate engine warranties? Often asked and difficult to answer!
The anomaly of engine manufacturer’s warranties in regard to their stated positions on biofuels is extremely varied and often based on commercial expediency rather than engineering acceptance.
A vehicle in the UK will be warranted to use EN590 B5 blends, where the biodiesel element itself complies with EN14214. The same make and model in parts of Europe will be warranted to B30.
It is only with the higher percentage blends of biodiesel that warranty issues may appear.
The rational is that in the UK the Government imposed bio obligation on the petroleum oil companies is at 5% (B5) blends, which will increase over time in line with pan-european agreements and undoubtedly engine warranties will increase at the same rate of ‘obligated’ blended biodiesel percentage increases through to 10% by 2020.
The acceptance of biodiesel in other countries has been far quicker and hence the B30 blends are supported under warranty where consumers have supported higher blends of the fuel. In the UK for example the Morrison’s Supermarket Chain has been selling diesel which is a B30 blend ahead of their competitors who sell B5 blends.
Mercedes, MAN, Volvo and DAF to name a few support warranties in higher blends and even B100 in certain of their model ranges where the fuel systems utilise modern materials resistant to the solvent characteristic of biodiesel and its higher blends. Rubber components suspect to the solvent action of biodiesel have not been used widely in vehicles since mid -1980’s
The majority of systems around today utilise materials such as Viton, nylon 66, synthetic rubber and Teflon, seal failures are a thing of the past, but check with the manufacturer if in any doubt.
Currently the UK biodiesel market is consuming in excess of one billion litres annually making a significant contribution to the Governments CO2 reduction targets.

Does biodiesel block filters and damage engines? No, this is one of the most popular urban myths surrounding biodiesel.
Biodiesel is a perfect lubricant for an engine, its naturally high lubrocity far outperforms that of conventional diesel and is likely to produce less wear on pumps, valves and cylinder bores as a result, this is particularly true of modern low sulphur diesel which benefits greatly from the application of biodiesel blending to improve its lubrication properties.
Biodiesel has a higher cetane performance than conventional diesel which enables it to burn better producing less noxious exhaust emissions and dramatically less carbon depositing on the pistons and valves maintaining the efficiency of the engine.
The blocking or ‘clogging’ of filters is sometimes reported as caused by the biodiesel itself, it is not. Biodiesel when used in the higher formulations above B30 has a powerful cleaning action and will very quickly liberate dirt and built up gums and lacquer residues left from previous petroleum diesel use in the tank and fuel lines etc. It will cleanse the system very efficiently depositing these residues in the fuel filter and requires only simple housekeeping to benefit from. It is recommended to change the fuel filter after the initial few hours of running, usually this is enough unless the system is extremely dirty in which case a second filter change may be needed. It is a small inconvenience for the massive benefits delivered by biodiesel use.

Does biodiesel reduce emissions? Yes, biodiesel substantially reduces GHG emissions delivering massive reductions in carbon monoxide, particulates, it eliminates sulphur, toluene, benzene and significant net CO2 emissions when compared with conventional diesel.
Methods of calculating the exact amount of this reduction vary due to the nature of the feedstock raw material used and the variables associated with the many production processes employed. The spread of quoted figures range from 85% to as low as 30%.
Simplistically, the net gain is as a result of the feedstock being either of ‘waste’ material or plant origin in which case the CO2 exhausted from the engine is offset against the CO2 consumed by the plant during its growth, so carbon neutral.  This compares with petroleum diesel which takes CO2 once locked in the earth and liberates it into the atmosphere when combusted in an engine thereby increasing the volume of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Is biodiesel sustainable? Yes….Biodiesel producers operating within the dictates of the European Renewable Energy Directive (RED) have to prove by third party independent verification to International Standard ISAE 3000 that the feedstocks they are processing are from sustainable, renewable sources capable of delivering a minimum GHG saving of 35%.
Not all producers are following the guidelines of the RED and may still be using materials from unsustainable sources.
These are complex matters and may only be appreciated by researching the requirements of the RED which can be found on the Department of Transport website… http://www.dft.gov.uk/topics/sustainable/biofuels/legislation/